|The livestock sub-sector contributes over 25% of agricultural GDP and has enormous potential for improvement. Livestock produce milk, meat, manure, draft power, hides and skins that are vital sources of revenue and food security and inputs for cropping and agro-industries. The wide distribution of livestock in pastoral, crop-livestock smallholder and pen-urban agriculture makes it a prime candidate for development. Yet it has been relatively neglected. Concerted action is required to realise the full potential of livestock to contribute to the development of East African countries.