3rd WORKSHOP ON HARMONISATION OF NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR TSETSE CONTROL-ERADICATION.pdf
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Animal resources are important in the economic development of African countries. Africa has a wide variety of animal resources with an estimated livestock population of 224 million cattle, 447 million sheep and goats and about 34 million equines and camels. With an annual output value of US$13.3 billion of meat and US$5.3 billion of milk, livestock contribute about 36% of Africa's agricultural gross domestic product. Of: all the sub-regions of the world. Africa is the continent where production of livestock products has the greatest potential to improve. It is also the continent where consumption is growing at a faster rate than any other, spurred-on by a rapidly rising human population, rising income levels and falling market prices of livestock products. In recent years domestic production of livestock products has increased slowly, allowing the deficit between supply and demand to increase. It is estimated that in Sahelian Africa where production of red meat currently satisfies 56% of the total consumption, this will just cover 36% of the needs in 2020. The deficit will be imported, leading to an annual loss of US$1.5 billion in foreign exchange on imports of meat and milk atone. It is estimated that the human population in sub - Saharan Africa will be 1.3 billion by the year 2025 and that an estimated 19 million tons of meat and 43 million tons of milk will be required annually to feed Africa's population. Through the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) initiative, African leaders have recognized the importance of animal resources to the economic development of African countries, and have committed themselves to the highest leve]s, to achieve sustainable development in this sector. In support of the NEPAD initiative, African heads of state and Government, meeting in Durban South Africa in July 2002, inscribed in the African Union (AU) Constitutive Act among others, the objective to promote sustainable development at the economic, social and cultural levels.....and to establish the necessary conditions which enable the continent to play it's rightful role in the global economy and international negotiations. Over the past 50 years, the Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources (IBAR) has been working to develop the animal resources of Africa and stands at the forefront for the implementation of the AU and NEPAD Initiatives.