Pan - African programme for the control of Epizootic diseases (PACE) mid-term review.
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The report presents the findings of the mid-term review (MTR) of PACE, the Pan African Program for the Control of Epizootic Diseases. The MTR was undertaken in October-November of 2002 by a team assembled by Development Network-of Rome. lialy who were joined by a member of the mid-team review team of DF1D. Members of the review ream visited a total of seven countries including host countries Kenya and Mali and presented an aide memoir with provisional findings and re::omiliendLi[1011S on 20' November. The report is a draft submitted for comments. PACil is the successor to PARC, the Pan African Campaign for the Eradication of Rinderpest, a project widely perceived to have been very successful and, for that reason, difficult to copy or imitate. PACE design was radically different from PARC in at least two respects: first, where PARC used vaccination as the intervention strategy, PACE relies on surveillance as a basis for subsequent control and eradication of diseases and, second, PACE has adopted a highly centralised approach to management where PARC followed a more decentralised approach. PACE became operational in October 1999, has a budget of € 72 million for 5 years and covers 32 countries in sub-Sahara Africa not including Southern Africa. Parallel funding has been granted by DFID for a Community-based Animal Health and Participatory Epideiniology project (CAPE). CAPE has a duration of 4 years and a budget of appr. € 8 min. It focuses on ecosystems in 9 countries in the Flom of Africa. PACE and CAPE are hosted by the Inter-African Bureau of Animal Resources of the African Union (AU-IBAR) with headquarters in Nairobi. Both the AU and IBAR are undergoing transition. This has made it impossible to assess the future prospects of IBAR. Strengthening of IBAR was one of the intended outputs of PACE. Progress achieved As of October 2002, 26 countries had completed a total of 40 work-years, slightly less than 50% of initial targets for the period. Delays in the start-up of country programmes have averaged between 11/2 and 2 years. Subsequent progress has been slow with overall spending, at country level, estimated at about 50% of approved work plans. At regional level, commitments as of October 2002 stood at close to 100% with a possibility of regional funds being exhausted before the completion date of October 2004. 2chievements, because of the slow start-up, the lack of equipment and a lack of operational funds, are much below expectations. In spite of this, disease reporting and surveillance systems do exist and several of the countries have seen an increase in veterinary services and drugs provided by private veterinarians as well as by paraveterinary personnel. With the notable exception of an outbreak of mild Rinderpest in Meru, Kenya, in 2001, disease outbreaks have been limited. Vaccination against Rinderpest was halted in most countries and several West-African countries are preparing dossiers for submission to OTF in order to obtain international recognition of freedom from Rinderpest.
- PACE Documents & Reports