Poultry value chain in central Africa: status, strategic vision, and guiding principles for the transformation within the LiDeSA framework
Tiambo, Christian Keambou
Elbeltagy, Ahmed (Prof)
Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health (CTLGH)
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The poultry value chain in central Africa is characterized by small and medium scale production based on local and dual-purpose breeds, and large-scale poultry producers keeping specialized breeds of broiler or layers. This review examines the poultry value chain in the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) with the aim of defining the stakeholders, assessing poultry product status and constraints, highlighting a strategic vision and proposing guiding principles toward its transformation within the scope of LiDeSA. The consumption habit of the population drives the observed import of products by central African countries who remain largely importers of these food commodities. Stakeholders are mostly input providers, farmers, processors, packagers, distributors, and retailers, but many other types of actors, enablers and factors should be considered when developing this livestock subsector. The demand of commercial chicken products is high and growing very fast despite numerous challenges. The ECCAS region as supported by AU-IBAR within the scope of LiDeSA envisions a poultry value chain that should be competitive and sustainable enough to contribute to an integrated prosperous sub-region. This regional vision encompasses Central Africa States should have an import-free poultry sector made of farmers preferred and locally adapted breeds satisfying the conditions of faster growth, better laying performances and greater survivability. The prioritized strategic actions included: 1- Public and private investments along the poultry value chain, 2- Health protection, production, productivity, and resilience of regional poultry production systems, 3-Innovation, generation and utilization of technologies, capacities, and entrepreneurship skills of poultry value chain actors, and 4- Access to markets, services, and value addition.